India is the seventh largest country in the world and with over one billion people has the second largest population. It shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka and the Maldives are close by in the Indian ocean. It's an extremely diverse country with vast ranges of geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse. It prides itself on being the largest democracy in the world. Many people claim to understand India but we are just happy in let it be. Just enjoy India and when in doubt it helps if you smile and waggle your head.
Sikkim (also known as Denzong) is a landlocked state nestled in the Himalayas with an elevation ranging from 280 to 8,585 metres. It is the least populous state in India and the second smallest in area after Goa. The state borders Nepal in the west, Tibet to the north and east, Bhutan to the southeast and the state of West Bengal to the south. Despite its small area of 7,096 square km, Sikkim is geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas.
The most widely accepted origin of the name "Sikkim" is that it is a combination of two words in the Limbu language: Su, which means "new", and Khyim, which means "palace" or house, (in reference to the palace built by the state's first ruler, Phuntsog Namgyal). The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Denjong which means "valley of rice". The Lepchas, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye-mae-el, meaning "paradise", and the Bhutias call it Beymul Demazong, which means "hidden valley of rice". In Hindu religious texts Sikkim is known as Indrakil, the garden of Indra.
The Himalayan ranges surround the northern, eastern and western borders of Sikkim in a crescent. The Lower Himalayas in the southern reaches of the state are the most densely populated. The state has 28 mountain peaks, 21 glaciers, 227 high-altitude lakes (including the Tsongmo Lake, Gurudongmar and Khecheopalri Lake), 5 hot springs, and more than 100 rivers and streams. Eight mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. Kangchenjunga (8,586 m), the world's third highest mountain, is located on the border of Sikkim and Nepal.
Uttar Pradesh India
With an area of 243,286 km², Uttar Pradesh covers a large part of the highly fertile and densely populated upper Gangetic plain. It shares an international border with Nepal and is bounded by the states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar. The administrative and legislative capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow and the financial and industrial capital is Kanpur. The state's high court is based at Allahabad. It is home to many historical cities like Agra and Varanasi.
Throughout its history, it was sometimes divided between petty kingdoms and at other times formed an important part of larger empires that arose to its east or west, including the Mauryan, Gupta, Kushan and Mughal empires. Uttar Pradesh has an important place in the culture of India as it is considered to be the birthplace of Hinduism and has many important sites of Hindu pilgrimage. It also holds much of the heritage of the Mughal Empire, including the famous Taj Mahal in Agra.