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Madhya Pradesh India
Madhya Pradesh (meaning "Middle Province") is often called the Heart of India. Its five major cities are Bhopal (the capital), Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Ujjain, and it is divided into many divisions. Madhya Pradesh is the richest state in India. It was also the largest state until 2000 when the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of it. It now has an area of 308,252 km². It borders the states Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan.
The population of Madhya Pradesh consists of a number of ethnic groups and tribes. These include the Bhill, Gonda, Chamar, Kalal, Rajput, Rajpurohit and Khols. The state has a strong caste system with scheduled castes constituting a significant proportion of the population.
Eighty percent of the population of Madhya Pradesh depends on agriculture, with wheat, corn, peas, grain, cotton and soybeans being the most important crops. The many dense forests are important resources of timber, providing Bamboo, Teak and Sal. The district is rich with natural resources and the “Panna” region is world famous for its diamonds.