Indonesia Jalan, Jalan
17,504 islands, each with its own unique culture make Indonesia a country that can take a lifetime to fully explore. With volcanic landscapes, unexplored rain forests and empty beaches there are plenty of opportunities to feed the travel bug. Visit Flores and nearby Komodo, home to the dragons and other weird and wonderful wildlife. Sumatra, in the west, is the best place to see native endangered orangutans. Explore Java and visit the Borobudur or the 1000 temples on Bali and the southern beaches.
Useful Information Indonesia
The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been a valuable region for trade since at least the 7th century when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign influences from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Although sometimes interrupted by the Portuguese, French and British, the Dutch were the foremost European power for much of their 350-year presence in the archipelago. In the early 20th century, the concept of "Indonesia" as a nation-state emerged, and the independence movement began to take shape. At the end of World War II, Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. However, it was not until 1949 that the Netherlands recognised Indonesia's sovereignty following an armed and diplomatic conflict between the two.